|A Raised Contribution to Water Resources|
CHEN Lei, Chinese Minister of Water Resources, said at a national S&T meeting for water resources held recently that in the future 5 years, S&T shall raise its contribution to water resources from the current 40% to 45%, and further to 60% or more in 2020. The state treasury has invested more than RMB 2 billion to finance water resources related S&T activities, since the 10th Five-year period (2001-2005). Under the 11th Five-year plan (2006-2010), Ministry of Water Resources has secured 14 S&T projects with a budget exceeding RMB 400 million. China has witnessed a noticeably raised S&T content in its water resources capacity building and management, with a range of advanced technologies applied in disaster prevention and preparedness, flood and droughts warning and prediction, and data collection. Chinese scientists have studied the issues concerning major river controls, including water diversion and sand sediment control in the Yellow River and small tributaries, which eased the imbalance between water and sand sediment. In the area of rural water resources, scientists have optimized the distribution of water resources in irrigation regions, through transforming traditional irrigation techniques and facilities, and accelerated the modernization process of water resources in the rural areas by diffusing new technologies and products.
CHEN added that China would establish an internationally advanced R&D system for water resources studies at the national, regional, and local levels, featured with enhanced professionalism, rational disciplinary structures, and capable personnel. This will further lead to the establishment of a water resource related S&T diffusion and service system that is open, market oriented, and diversified. Efforts will also be made to establish a national lab for water resources, and 10 key labs and 15 engineering research centers at the ministerial level.